what is slipped disc herniated disc and how to cure permanently

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The Pain relief Practice

Disc related back pain usually stemming from lifting/jumping  injuries is vey common and can be described as many conditions such as disc prolapse, extrusions, protrusion, ruptured disc, herniated disc, bulging disc and slipped disc.  The discs can be viewed a gel like cushions which are found between each and every vertebra throughout the length the spine. All the terms basically refer to spinal injuries where trauma, age or genetic factors may alter the normal disc matter leading to changes in these structures.


       Stage 1 – Prolapse            Stage 2 – Extrusion            Stage 3 – Ruptured

Healthy disc

In a healthy disc the softer gel like nucleus at the centre (nucleus pulpous), is contained by the surroundings concentric layers of annulus fiber.

Damage to disc

A tear in the outer, fibrous ring allows the soft central gel like matter to bulge out beyond the damaged outer rings. Tears are always postero-lateral in nature as this is the only unsupported section of the spinal canal. The vertebral body prevents any anterior damage and the posterior longitudinal ligament prevents purely posterior damage. This tear will release inflammatory chemical mediators which may directly cause severe pain, even in the absence of nerve root compression (caused by a slipped disc).

In a disc protusion the outer matter remains intact as the gel like matter exceeds its usual space leading to a bulge in the disc. This is in contrast to a herniated disc where the outer layers are invaded and damaged by the bulging nucleus pulpous.


A slipped disc describes a phenomena where the disc bulges from between vertebrae, impeding on the space of the adjacent spinal nerves. This will be ore severe and lead to nerve compression symptoms of sharper pain with possible numbness, tingling and weakness.

A person with discogenic pain, will experience dull achey back pain with potential referred pain to the legs depending on the degree of disc damage.  Prolonged sitting will increase pain due to excessive loading of the spine, whilst lying down should ease pain.


In treatment of the discogenic injuries, there are surgical and conservative measures.

These options, together with “pain-killers” given by the physicians often relieve the pain. The aim of the physiotherapist would be to reduce the loading of the spine whist strengthening the muscles to increase spinal stability. Here are some self help strengthening exercises you can do at home.


CRET (Capacitive Resistive Energy Transfer)

Also known as Tecar Therapy, CRET is a modality favoured by medical practitioners throughout Europe.

Unlike other treatment modalities that take many sessions with slower results, CRET is a very fast acting modality, with a many patients feeling a significant improvement with a single visit.

An office based procedure that stimulates the body’s natural wound healing response, it delivers energy transcutaneously deep into the targeted tissue. Click Here to find out more

Call us for an appointment today.


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